Use by industry
Gaseous energy carriers are and will continue to be needed in domains where electricity simply falls short, such as heavy goods transport by road or aviation and shipping. But this is most prominently the case in industry.
Hydrogen for industry
In industry, molecules are often a necessary medium to achieve heating at high temperatures or for highly energy-intensive production processes. We want to replace the natural gas molecules that are currently used for that with green molecules, and then green hydrogen in particular, as soon as possible. On top of that, some industrial parties need hydrogen as a resource for materials or products. In the chemical industry, hydrogen is currently already needed for the synthesis of chemical products. If we want to get rid of chemical processes based on fossil hydrocarbons such as coal, petroleum and natural gas, we are going to need more and more (green) hydrogen.
A reliable energy system
We have to realise that it is not only about industry switching from fossil to affordable green molecules, but also that this same industry will demand that these green molecules be available anytime and in any required quantity. From this perspective, too, accelerated and large-scale use of hydrogen is important. After all, like fossil gas molecules, green hydrogen is easy to store and transport. This will keep our energy system affordable and balanced, as we help high-volume consumers of molecules cut their undesirably large carbon footprint. A recent survey by the Netherlands Enterprise Agency/Ministry of Economic Affairs and Climate Policy and FME (the Association of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering) tells us that over 250 Dutch companies are meanwhile developing serious hydrogen operations and see attractive economic opportunities in this area.
All the more reason and necessity for NortH2, therefore, to initially focus on the seven most important industrial clusters in the Netherlands and Germany.